By: admincw On: juin 05, 2014 In: Non classé Comments: 0

canada goose clearance A Plan for New York City’s Forests

cheap Canada Goose It has 10,542 acres of the other, about half as much as the Congaree Swamp in South Carolina, a small national park with an old growth forest and, according to the website I Love National Parks, « more bugs than you can imagine. »

No doubt there are many bugs in New York’s canada goose coats forests, even cockroaches that have yet to find their way to somebody’s basement or bathtub. But Ms. Charlop Powers, the executive director of a Manhattan based nonprofit group called the Natural Areas Conservancy, is not focused on Canada Goose Parka them. She sees the trees and the forest. Most of the city’s forest is deep in parks, and on the worry spectrum, she is « concerned » about them.

Canada Goose Parka « The situation is not dissimilar to the subways, in that we’re at a crucial moment, » she said.

Fortunately, urban forests appear canada goose uk black friday to be at the point the subways reached decades ago, before transit policymakers decided that maintenance cheap Canada Goose could be deferred.

canada goose But there is another concern for urban forests: climate change.

canada goose black friday sale Ms. Charlop Powers wants to prepare the canada goose factory sale city’s forests for a changing climate. If nothing else, forests can slow canada goose uk shop rising temperatures by reducing what foresters call urban « heat island effects. » Trees lower the nearby temperature by up to nine degrees. There is canadian goose jacket also uk canada goose the worry that forests could be overrun by invasive species that can change soil conditions another contributing factor on the climate change checklist.

She and Bram Gunther, a former chief of forestry, horticulture and canada goose black friday sale natural resources for the Parks Department, founded the conservancy in 2012, when the city’s Million Trees NYC initiative was underway. That program began when Michael R. Bloomberg was mayor and was completed two years ago with a planting in the South Bronx. Scores of curbside tree pits got new occupants, but half of the million trees went into what the city describes canada goose clearance sale as « forested natural areas. »

canada goose coats But, Ms. Charlop Powers said, canada goose clearance there was no long term plan for managing the city’s forests or uk canada goose outlet the less densely wooded areas in parks. Canada Goose sale The Million Trees project « didn’t focus beyond getting trees in the ground, » she said.

Canada Goose online Enter the Natural Areas Conservancy, which began by conducting a survey. The group hired 25 scientists to take stock of biological conditions in parks. The conservancy’s senior ecologist, Helen Forgione, said the survey found 750 species of plants in the city’s forests.

canada goose coats on sale The survey takers also interviewed 1,600 park users. Their answers led to the conclusion that the urban forest has never been more important for people.

canada goose store « Half the people reported recreating in New York City parkland, never leaving to go to the Catskills or Jones Beach, » Ms. Charlop Powers said. « Their whole experience with nature is happening right here in the five boroughs, which means that if we want Canada Goose Outlet people not just to experience playgrounds and ball fields but to take a hike or be in a place where you can hear birds singing, it becomes really important to invest in forests. »

Canada Goose sale So, as with the subways, canada goose uk outlet it’s about money.

The legislature in Albany approved canada goose outlet sale $836 million for Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo’s subway action plan after he declared a mass transit state canada goose of emergency last year. For the forests, Ms. Charlop Powers sees a smaller price tag and a longer timeline: $385 million over 25 cheap canada goose uk years.

canada goose clearance sale « Without investment, we risk losing wildlife and plants we may never be able to get back, » Ms. Charlop Powers said.

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buy canada goose jacket cheap The assumption had been that invasive vine species like Japanese honeysuckle and the mile a minute weed (Persicaria perfoliata to those in the know) were crowding out the trees foresters prefer.

Invasive species were indeed found in 56 percent of the areas in the survey, but they were less prevalent in the older forests. It was the younger canada goose coats on sale forests that troubled Ms. Charlop Powers, especially in what foresters call the midstory and understory layers, the lower levels of the tree canopy. The researchers taking the survey found the smallest proportion of native species among the 561 species they counted in Canada Goose Jackets the understory. The latter, Ms. Forgione, the ecologist, said is rot resistant, which is good, but raises nitrogen levels in the soil, which is not. « We don’t want high nutrient soil, » she said. « Our mature forests have evolved on low nutrient soil. » And the higher nitrogen levels figure in climate change.

canada goose deals Now, in close consultation with the Parks Department, the conservancy Canada Goose online has prepared a long term plan for the care canada goose store of the city’s forests, what it says is the first of its kind in the nation. The conservancy is eager to export it and is training other nonprofit groups in the city to use data from the survey to their advantage.

buy canada goose jacket The recommendations in the Canada Goose Online plan are for what Ms. Forgione calls « future forests, » but specifically future urban forests. She said that climate buy canada goose jacket change could affect urban forests a generation or two buy canada goose jacket cheap before differences begin to appear in rural areas.

canadian goose jacket Already the conservancy’s ideas are shaping a chunk Canada Goose Coats On Sale of forest in Prospect Park in Brooklyn. On a recent day, Susan M. Donoghue, the administrator and president of the Prospect Park Alliance, which manages the park, led the way to the area, on Lookout Hill. Longfellow’s « forest primeval » it was not. A helicopter whipped the air overhead, and a jet climbing away from Kennedy International Airport whined in the distance.

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